Indonesia: Four Sumatran Elephants died in Riau in 2016: WWF
3rd January 2017;

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has said that four Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) died in 2016 in Riau Province, a decline from the previous year.

“In 2015, there were 10 cases of dead Elephants, while in 2016, the number decreased to four,” Spokesperson of WWF of the Riau Program Syamsidar said here on Tuesday.

The four deaths are believed to have occurred due to conflict between humans and wild animals.

Last year, the Tesso Nilo National Park Authority found the carcass of a Sumatran Elephant in Pelalawan District.

They also found a Sumatran Elephant snared in an industrial forest concession. The animal did not survive despite treatment.

In September last year, an Elephant calf was found trapped in a ditch in an industrial forest concession with wounds all over its body.

“An Elephant also died after being electrocuted in Duri region, near a residential area,” Syamsidar said.

No suspects were either identified or arrested in these cases, Syamsidar said.

WWF, an international non-governmental organization in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of humanitys footprint on the environment, estimated there were around 100 Sumatran elephants living in the Sumatran habitat.

As the landscapes and the habitats make way for industry and residential areas, wildlife is facing greater challenges for survival.

Although conflict between humans and wildlife is inevitable, Syamsidar said that the local authority and several private enterprises, which have forest concessions in Riau, have been working together to prevent and mitigate the conflict.

Only three private enterprises, PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper (RAPP), Asian Agri and PT Musim Mas, have been involved in this effort by adopting the human-wildlife conflict mitigation system being implemented by the WWF and Natural Resource Conservation Agency (BKSDA) of Riau.

RAPP has established a so-called flying squad, consisting of at least four grown Elephants and two calves, whose task is to conduct patrols around the concession area to avert human-wildlife conflict as well as prevent Elephant herds trespassing into residential areas or villages.

Asian Agri has a similar program but they conduct patrolling without using Elephants, Syamsidar said.

“They perform the patrol manually, without any Elephants, but still adopt the measures used by the WWF, such as using a carbide cannon,” he said.

PT Musim Mas, however, is committed to provide financial support for the program, Syamsidar said.

Source: Antara

Photo: Marketa Olmerova & Oldrich Olmer, on Marthen Welly Facebook

Indonesia: Two Whale Sharks stranded on Nusa Penida coast
4th July 2016;

Two Whale Sharks (Rhincodon typus) were found stranded on the shore of Nusa Penida Island, which is administratively a part of Bali, despite being completely separate from the island of God.

“The Whale Sharks were stranded due to severe injuries inflicted by the propeller blades of a boat that crossed their path,” Yudi Permana from the Coast and Sea Resources Management Hall stated in Denpasar on Monday.

Based on initial analysis, the wounds on the bodies of the Sharks are rather large, raising the suspicion of them being possibly hit by a propeller blade.

A verification team had visited the scene and had held a meeting with local public figures, authorities, and tourism stakeholders in Nusa Penida.

The meeting involved representatives from the Lembongan Marine Association, dive operators, the Technical Executive Unit of the Nusa Penida Water Reservoir, as well as the Coral Triangle Center.

The meeting was held to uncover the chronology of the incident and to establish preventive measures to avoid similar incidents from recurring in future.

Both Whale Sharks suffered wounds on their head, pectoral fin, and tail.

“The wounds indicate that they were struck by the propeller blades of a boat,” remarked Yudi.

Hence, Yudi believes that special legal and regulatory measures should be implemented in Nusa Penida as the areas tourism sector had grown at a rapid pace.

Moreover, divers and dive operators are required to abide by the diving ethics, including those related to interaction with sea creatures.

Source: Antara

Indonesia: Sumatran Tiger rescued from Wild Boar snare in West Sumatra

27th May 2016;

A Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), which was trapped in a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa vittatus) snare in a hilly forest of Nagari Mandeh Village, West Sumatra, was rescued and evacuated by the local Natural Resource Conservation Agencys (BKSDAs) rescue team.

The team arrived in the area at 11:30 a.m. local time and managed to rescue the Tiger, which had been trapped since Tuesday (May 24), after making the big cat unconscious by shooting a tranquilizer dart, Head of Area III Conservation of West Sumatra BKSDA Surajiya stated here on Friday.

The Tiger would be brought to the Wildlife Cultural Kinantan Park in Bukittinggi District for rehabilitation.

“After undergoing rehabilitation, we will observe the Tiger’s recovery. If possible, we would return the Tiger to its habitat,” Surajiya affirmed.

Meanwhile, Chief of the Nagari Mandeh Village of Koto XI Tarusan Sub-district Jasril Rajo Basah expected the Tiger to be returned to its habitat near the village since the wild cat had not disturbed the day-to-day life of the villagers.

In fact, the village chief and local people acknowledged that the Tiger had several times helped the local people who had lost their way in the forest.

Moreover, the Tiger had become a natural predator of Wild Boars, which ravaged the peoples agricultural areas.

“We live side by side with the Tiger, therefore we hope the big cat will be returned here soon,” Basah added.

Source: Antara

Indonesia: Sumatran Tiger rescued from Wild Boar snare in West Sumatra

Indonesia: Phytoplankton population explosion caused death of fish in Ancol: Indonesian Institute of Sciences

2nd December 2015;

The mass death of fish, found washed ashore North Jakartas Ancol Dream Land beach, was due to a population boom of the Coscinodiscus species of phytoplankton, noted the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI).

In a press statement here on Wednesday, the Oceanic Research Center of LIPI said the phytoplankton population had significantly reduced the oxygen content in the water.

According to LIPI, based on tests conducted on the water samples taken from three locations on Ancol beach on Tuesday, the oxygen content in the water was found to be very low at only 0.765 milliliters per liter (ml/L), while the normal oxygen level is about four to five ml/L.

The low content of dissolved oxygen is the cause of the mass death of fish at Ancol beach. Based on the observation, the density of phytoplankton was recorded at one to two million cells per liter of water.

Coscinodiscus spp. is one of the species that is actually not dangerous, but since it has a large number of cells, it absorbs a significant amount of oxygen, thereby resulting in a drop in the levels of dissolved oxygen in the water.

Thousands of dead fish were found washed up along the Ancol beach early on Monday.

The fish species found dead included Milkfish (Chanos chanos), Mullet (F. Mugilidae), and Snapper (F. Lutjanidae).

Source: Antara

Indonesia: Phytoplankton population explosion caused death of fish in Ancol: Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Indonesia: Arrested poachers killed six Sumatran Elephants: police

By Rabu, 11th February 2015;

The eight poachers who were detained on Tuesday evening had killed six Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in two provinces, the Riau Provincial Police said.

“They belong to a cruel syndicate; they shot the elephants in their heads for their tusks. I strongly suspect they are part of a syndicate because they operated in different provinces, i. e. in Riau and Jambi,” Senior Commissioner Y. S. Widodo, who is the head of the criminal investigation unit of the Riau police, stated here on Wednesday.

The local police detained the eight poachers and seized weapons and a pair of two-meter-long tusks on Tuesday evening.

They admitted that the tusks were taken from a male Sumatran Elephant killed in Mandau, Bengkalis district, Riau province.

“During interrogation, the suspects confessed to have killed three elephants in Tesso Nilo National Park in Riau, three days ago. The elephants that were poached comprised a female and two males,” he noted.

In September 2014, they had also killed two elephants in Jambi, and had sold their tusks at a price of Rp8 million, Widodo revealed.

The poachers names were announced by their initials as FA (50), HA (40), R (37), MU (52), S (30), R (30), I (25), and AS (50). FA was the main perpetrator behind the illegal hunting activities.

They face a five-year term in prison and are liable to pay a fine amounting to Rp200 million.

These arrests were the first of their kind after four years, despite several poaching incidents having been reported.

The WWF had recorded 43 cases of poaching of Sumatran Elephants in Riau, but no arrests had been made. In 2012, 15 such cases had been reported, but no arrests had been made. In 2013, there had been 14 cases of elephant deaths, of which 13 were found dead in Tesso Nilo National Park.

According to reports, 14 wild elephants were found dead under unnatural circumstances in 2014.

Source: Antara

Indonesia: Arrested poachers killed six Sumatran Elephants: police

(ANTARA FOTO/Helti Marini Sipayung)

Indonesia: Sumatran Tiger rescued from trap undergoes leg amputation
By Helti Sipayung, 5th April 2014;

A Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), rescued earlier after becoming entangled in a sling snare trap in Bengkulu Province, had one of its legs amputated on Saturday due to a severe infection.

The medical team at Bengkulu Natural Resource Conservation Agency (BKSDA) had to amputate the tiger’s front right paw to prevent the spread of the infection.

“The tiger may set her paws on the ground again in three weeks,” a veterinarian of BKSDA Erni Suyanti Musabine said.

Elsa, the name of the tiger, will receive treatment for the next three weeks.

The three-year old female tiger was 1.5 meters long and weighed 70 kilograms. It was rescued by the BKSDA in Beriang Tinggi Village, Tanjung Kemuning Sub-district, Kaur District, Bengkulu.

The BKSDA received a report about the trapped tiger on Tuesday, April 2, from an official of the local Forestry Office, who was measuring the perimeter of the commercial permit (HGU) for PT Dinamika Selaras Jaya, a private oil palm plantation company in Beriang Tinggi Village.

The BKSDA team began the rescue operation on Thursday morning, as it was difficult to work at night. The veterinarian said it might be difficult for the tiger to hunt once it is returned to the wilds.

However, research from the agency using camera traps, showed that some tigers, who also have had one of its legs amputated, are able to survive.

Sling snare traps set by poachers or even local residents have become a serious threat to wildlife in Sumatra.

Last year in February, another female Sumatran Tiger was found entangled in a sling snare trap in Bengkulu.

Due to a severe infection, the tiger died two months later. The local BKSDA veterinarian said one of the tiger’s rear legs had a pinched nerve after being entangled in the sling snare trap. It also suffered from liver disease.

Source: Antara