Mole Cricket


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Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa wallace)
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, 19th April 2018

Farewell dear Annette, queen of the Hindhede troop – yet another macaque killed on a small road adjacent to the nature reserve

By N. Sivasothi, 14th February 2017;

In 2013, I was delighted to feature a photo of Annette the Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) of the Hindhede troop, catching forty winks. The then pregnant Annette reminded us of the day to day exploits of our local native primates go through, not unlike ourselves.

Researcher Amanda Tan had shared that image over twitter as she prepared for field studies in Thailand for her graduate work. Similarly, another of Singapore’s ‘monkey girls’, Sabrina Jaafar, shares stories of her encounters with various individuals and troops during her work with monkeys through Facebook.

These primate workers had transformed their study subjects into well-loved individuals who have been followed by many of us, who sit far away in our offices, dreaming of the forest. And their stories have guided my students as well.

The urban animals tough, resourceful or adaptable enough to survive alongside us in urban Singapore face many challenges. Long-tailed Macaques in Singapore face being trapped and killed which has eliminated one-third the population in some years. The native monkeys also face an onslaught by fast traffic on small roads adjacent to nature reserves. Sabrina has chronicled several such tragedies and other primate researches I talk to have noted broken bones and other injuries in study subjects over the years. Her words have not gone unnoticed.

In 2012, naturalists local and overseas were upset to read of the death of Nad, the reigning queen from the Hindhede troop. It was wretched, and should not have happened that close to the nature reserve when cars should be travelling carefully. Then last week (8th February 2017), I discovered that yet again, an avoidable death had occured – Annette, like Nad before her, was mercilessly killed by a speeding car, on a small road next to the nature reserve.

Sabrina and Amanda penned these thoughts, which they agreed to share.

Read More

Source: Otterman speaks…

Man hospitalised after his motorcycle hit a Wild Boar on BKE

By Zhaki Abdullah, 14th November 2016;

A 25-year-old man has been hospitalised after hitting a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa vittatus) with his motorcycle on the Bukit Timah Expressway (BKE) on Sunday night (Nov 13) – in the second road accident involving the porcine creature this year (2016).

Both times, both Wild Boars died.

The accident on Sunday happened at around 7pm on the BKE heading towards the Pan Island Expressway, after the Dairy Farm Road exit, reported Chinese evening newspaper Shin Min Daily News on Monday.

It said the motorcyclist, who was not identified, had lost control of his bike after trying to avoid hitting the animal.

He skidded and landed in the right-most lane of the expressway.

The man was subsequently warded at the intensive care unit of the National University Hospital and was said to still be unconscious as of Monday morning (Nov 14), with bandages on his head, face and left hand.

The Singapore Civil Defence Force said it received a call about the accident at 7.18pm and dispatched an ambulance to the scene.

A 48-year-old cabby, who wanted to be known only as Mr Zhang, told the Chinese paper the Boar was about 1m long and appeared to have run out from the forested area on to the BKE.

This is believed to be the second road accident involving a Wild Boar this year (2016).

In April another motorcyclist, identified as 49-year-old senior manager Mr Krishnan, fractured his right shoulder after running into and killing a Wild Boar on the Seletar Expressway.

In May, a boy was hospitalised after being injured by a Wild Boar near Edgefield Plains in Punggol.

Source: The Straits Times

Man hospitalised after his motorcycle hit a Wild Boar on BKE

The Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Singapore’s last wild cat. They are still under threat, so what can you do to prevent their extinction?

Source: Chace Foo Instagram

This is the same individual Leopard Cat that was found near Bukit Regency and reported on STOMP.

Stomper Drik was shocked when he found a dead ‘leopard cub’ in front of the Bukit Regency Condo yesterday (Sep 11).

Drik mentioned that the spots and stripes on the feline made it look like a leopard.

In a phone interview with Stomp, he said:

“It looked like it had just died as the fur looked fresh and it had not decomposed yet.”

He added:

“This raises a lot of questions: Are there still wild cats roaming near Bukit Timah?

"Was this somebody’s pet?

"Is it allowed to own one in Singapore?

"What caused its death? Why was it there?”

Source: STOMP

This is a Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Singapore’s last surviving wild cat.

Bukit Regency Condominium is located across the road from Bukit Timah Nature Reserve; although Leopard Cats have not been recorded from this area in recent years, it’s not surprising that a population might still survive in the forests. On the other hand, it’s also not impossible that this particular individual was an illegal exotic pet.

Clouded Monitor (Varanus nebulosus)
Bukit Drive, 15th June 2015

This Clouded Monitor was seen on a road at the edge of Hindhede Nature Park. It had most likely been run over by a passing vehicle.

Two eggs were also found on the road close to the carcass. If they did come from the Clouded Monitor’s body, it suggests that this individual was a gravid female. It’s possible that the eggs were forced out of the body from the impact of a vehicle, maybe even the same vehicle that had killed the lizard itself.

Whether the Clouded Monitor is a subspecies of the Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis) or a distinct species is still a matter of some debate; some sources still lump the two of them together.

Today (21st February 2015) is World Pangolin Day! This is a day for pangolin enthusiasts worldwide to join together in raising awareness about these unique mammals – and their plight.

Pangolins are secretive and nocturnal creatures, rarely seen by people, and not exactly the cutest of the forest’s inhabitants. But personally, I am very fond of pangolins, and hope to be able to encounter one in the wild someday.

Pangolins are secretive and nocturnal creatures, rarely seen by people, and not exactly the cutest of the forest’s inhabitants. But personally, I am very fond of pangolins, and hope to be able to encounter one in the wild someday.

The pangolin species found in the forests of Singapore is the Sunda or Malayan Pangolin (Manis javanica). Here, it receives some protection from the rampant poaching and smuggling that threatens to wipe out populations of Sunda Pangolins in other parts of Southeast Asia, but they still face other challenges here. Clearing of forests and other wooded areas destroys the habitats that pangolins and other forest wildlife need, and the roads that often cut through or run alongside our forest patches have led to the deaths of many pangolins over the years. Every so often, there are reports of pangolin carcasses by the road, victims of drivers who often travel at high speeds and don’t slow down for wildlife.

This is my only sighting of a dead pangolin in a natural setting to date: a skeleton found along the tracks of the Rail Corridor in 2011, somewhere close to Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. At that time, the KTM trains between Tanjong Pagar and Woodlands were still in service, and I won’t be surprised if this unfortunate pangolin had been struck and killed by a passing train.

Hopefully, with greater awareness of the fact that pangolins still survive in Singapore’s remaining forest patches, more people will be inspired to help protect these bizarre-looking creatures and the forests they live in.

Twin-barred Tree Snake (Chrysopelea pelias)
Rifle Range Road, 18th July 2014

This Twin-barred Tree Snake was yet another casualty of the roads that run along our forested areas.

Fig. 1. Top view of flattened Colugo carcass on Bukit Drive.
Fig. 2. Position of Colugo carcass as viewed from two sides of Bukit Drive. Note the vegetation on both sides of the road.
Photographs by Norman T-L. Lim

Sunda Colugo (Galeopterus variegatus) carcass at Bukit Drive

Location, date and time: Singapore Island, Bukit Drive, off Hindhede Road, near edge of Bukit Timah Nature Reserve; 16 August 2012; 1035 hrs.

Observation: A Colugo carcass, probably a day or two old, severely flattened by road vehicles (Fig. 1), was found in the middle of one lane of Bukit Drive (Fig. 2). The animal, about 20 cm in length, appears to be a juvenile.

Remarks: Colugos rarely descend to the ground and there are no known instances of Colugos travelling from point to point by moving on the ground. While the species is capable of gliding across distances greater than 100 metres (Lim, 2007), the trees on both sides of the road were not tall enough for glides across the road. Therefore, it is possible that the animal had attempted to glide from one side of the road to the other, but landed short of the intended destination (i.e., landed on the road), and was then ran over by a vehicle. It is also plausible that a predator had killed or injured the animal and then abandoned it in the middle of the road before it was crushed by vehicles.


  • Lim, N. T-L., 2007. Colugo: The Flying Lemur of South-east Asia. Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte. Ltd. and National University of Singapore. 80 pp.

Source: Singapore Biodiversity Records 2014: 286-287

Green Crested Lizard (Bronchocela cristatella)
Bukit Timah, 9th April 2013

This carcass of a Green Crested Lizard was found and photographed by Amanda Tan just outside Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. It was presumably run over by a passing vehicle.

Find out how you can contribute to Monday Morgue too.