Philippines: 70,000 kilos of fishkill in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato

7th February 2014;

Almost 70,000 kilos of fresh water fish have died in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, officials said on Friday.

Mayor Antonio Fungan of the uptown Lake Sebu said the fishkill was noticed the past week and is continuing.

Fisher folk ringing the famous lake have lost more than half a million pesos worth of Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.).

Fungan said the “calamity” that hit the lake can be considered to have already been contained, but added that the possibility of the fishkill recurring is high unless something concrete is done.

He appealed to fish cage owners to cease from expanding so the Tilapia could have enough room to roam around the lake and prevent shortage of food.

Following the fishkill, Fungan said the municipal agriculture office distributed Tilapia fingerlings to about 52 fish cage operators as assistance, and to prevent a shortage of freshwater fish in the market.

The town executive said fishkill, or locally known as “kamahong,” usually occurs once a year or once every two years.

“This is already alarming. This is the town’s main source of income and the lake is a tourist spot,” Fungan told DXOM-Happy FM in Koronadal City.

Fungan said aside from Tilapia, the major fish variety in Lake Sebu, also killed were smaller fish species locally known as “Ayungin” (Silver Perch) (Leiopotherapon plumbeus).

To prevent a bigger catastrophe, Fungan appealed to fishcage owners to reduce the sizes of their cages and avoid over expansion.

He warned that the local government unit will not hesitate to implement forced dismantling to save the lake and the livelihoods dependent on it.

Source: InterAksyon

Philippines: 70,000 kilos of fishkill in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato

Philippines: Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) forms body to probe fishkill

By Nitz Arancon and Lito Rulona, 2014;

The Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) has created a water quality management group in response to the fiskkill at the Agusan River here last weekend.

A local envionrment official described it as one of the biggest fishkills in the city so far in recent years.

The group is headed by EMB with local government officials, including those in Manolo Fortich and Libona towns in Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental, serve as members.

The group was formed in order to look into suspicions that plantations, poultry farms and piggeries in Bukidnon, particularly the ones in Libona and Manolo Fortich, factored in the fishkill at the Agusan River on Saturday and Sunday.

City local Environment and Natural Resources officer Edwin Dael confirmed that it has been suspected that toxic wastes from the Bukidnon towns resulted in the fishkill.

Bisan ang mga isda sa suba sa Balubal, patay man gihapon,” said Dael. “Ma-o na kini ang labing dako nga fishkill so far sa Cagayan de Oro kay ti-aw moy duha ka adlaw.”

The dead fishes were mostly anga (Red-tailed Goby) (Sicyopterus lagocephalus), banak (mullet) (F. Mugilidae), tangkig (eel) (Anguillidae or Synbranchidae) and pigok (Tapiroid Grunter) (Mesopristes cancellatus) that are endemic in Cagayan de Oro and Misamis Oriental.

The Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) took water samples from the Agusan River for examination.

Mayor Oscar Moreno has called on the EMB and BFAR to speed up the investigation to determine what really caused the fishkill.

Dael said fishkills have been taking place in the city in recent years but the result of any investigation has not been made public.

He said Moreno directed him to closely coordinate with the EMB and make sure that the Bureau would act on the matter.

“We asked the EMB director to call for a meeting this week and conduct and investigation. Mayor Moreno said he wants someone to answer for the fishkill and that the EMB should file cases in the event that those responsible are operating outside the city,” said Dael.

Source: Mindanao Gold Star Daily

Philippines: Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) forms body to probe fishkill

Philippines: Water sampling in fish kill area yields ammonium nitrite

By Anjo Bacarisas, 14th January 2014;

Ammonium nitrite was found in the three water samplings that the Regional Health Fish Laboratory of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) in Northern Mindanao conducted on Monday after a fish kill occurred in the river of Barangay Agusan on January 11.

Rey Hojas, lab analyst of BFAR, said the river water contained high amounts of ammonium nitrite.

He added that the chemicals can bring stress to the fishes, and that could have caused the fish kill.

“It is possible that the ammonium nitrite came from agricultural runoff,” said Hojas.

He elaborated that the ammonium nitrite possibly came from pesticides and fertilizers in the hinterlands, due to the rain water flushing these chemicals into the river.

Hojas said the murky water could also have contributed to the fish kill.

Hojas said any fish in the contaminated water should not be eaten.

Agusan village chief Andrew Melizza said some residents reported fish kills in the hinterland communities in the barangay.

“In the hinterland communities like Balubal, fish kills occurred,” said Melizza.

The river in Barangay Agusan flows from Mount Kitanglad along the Agusan Canyon, Barangays Dahilayan and Camp Philips in Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.

Edwin Dael, city local environment and natural resources office (Clenro) chief, said that a town in Bukidnon province, banana plantations, pineapple plantations, and pig and poultry farms are operating in the hinterland areas.

Meanwhile, Celestino Rullan, a veterinarian who used to work in the Department of Agriculture for 29 years, said the investigation regarding the causes should also include the animals around the river.

He added that pesticide analytical methods should be conducted to identify the exact chemicals that brought the onslaught to aquatic life in the river.

Rullan’s residence is just along the river in Barangay Agusan.

Worst fish kill

Hojas said the residents reported that around 175 kilograms of fish of different varieties were gathered during the fish kill.

However, Dael claimed tons of fish were found lifeless when some of the Clenro staff arrived in the area after receiving the report from Melizza.

“This is the worst fish kill recorded in the history of the river in Barangay Agusan,” Dael said.

He added the deaths of fishes lasted up to two days.

At press time, Melizza, said fishes in the river are still dying.

Livelihood

“Money is not enough to pay for the damage caused in our river,” said Melizza.

Dael added it would take two years or more before connecting rivers can supply aquatic life to the river in Barangay Agusan.

He added a certain type of shrimp that releases its offspring in the mouth of the river could now be gone after the fish kill.

“The chain of offspring was cut off due to the phenomenon,” said Dael.

Pigok (Tapiroid Grunter) (Mesopristes cancellatus), an endangered variety of fish that can only be found in Mindanao, did not escape the onslaught of the contaminated water in the river.

Melizza added a lot of people are relying on the river for livelihood and they are the ones who are gravely affected by it.

Probe deeply

Dael vowed his office would further investigate the fish kill.

“This phenomenon happened on a periodic basis before, but no concrete solutions were made,” said Dael.

He furthered that a committee would be established to investigate and come up with conclusive evidence to cease the periodic fish kill.

Considering the massive amount of dead fish, Dael said that aside from nitrite ammonia, it is possible that other substances could have been involved.

In Barangay Tablon, a village adjacent to Barangay Agusan, some 10 to 15 kilograms of small fish of different varieties were found floating lifelessly just meters away from the shoreline in December last year. The fish kill took place near an oil company.

Melizza added that the same phenomenon happened in the river in the long past.

Source: Sun.Star

Philippines: Water sampling in fish kill area yields ammonium nitrite

Some of the dead fish gathered from the Agusan River in Sitio Sambulawan, Barangay Agusan in Cagayan de Oro City. Local environment officials said the farms and piggeries upstream could have caused the fishkill. Photo courtesy of Edwin Dael, local chief environment officer

Philippines: Fishkill will make river in Cagayan de Oro ‘devoid of life’€™ for months
By Froilan Gallardo, 12th January 2014;

A major fishkill has again affected the Agusan River here last Saturday which an environment official said would render the river “devoid of life” for months to come.

Edwin Dael, the city’s chief local environment officer, said the fishkill was reported by barangay officials around 2 p.m. Saturday when they noticed hundreds of dead freshwater fish floating along the river.

Dael said upon examination, they saw at least five species of freshwater fish, including the Pigok (Tapiroid Grunter) (Mesopristes cancellatus), said to be endemic only to Mindanao’s rivers.

“Dead fish were floating in the river the entire day. We even saw egg-laying mother fish,” he said.

Dael said he feared Agusan River would be “devoid of life” for months to come due to the fishkill.

The headwaters of Agusan River start on the slopes of Mt. Kitanglad along the Agusan Canyon, Barangay Dahilayan and Camp Philips of Del Monte in Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.

Along the way, the river passes several major farms owned by big corporations and piggeries. Each one could be the cause of the fishkill, according to Dael.

“We are not going to sit down on this. We will investigate what really caused the fish kill,” He said.

Dael said he would convene the Regional Water Quality Management Council and ask village chiefs along the Agusan River to attend.

He said it would take months for Agusan River to be filled with fish again.

“We will have to wait for nature to bring back egg-laying mother fish to return and begin the cycle of life again,” Dael said.

Fishkills regularly occur in the Agusan River and environmentalists blamed factories and farm companies as culprits but not one official was charged in court by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

Source: MindaNews

Trumpeter Perch (Pelates quadrilineatus)
Changi, 2nd November 2008

It is likely that this Trumpeter Perch had been caught by an angler, and instead of being thrown back, was left on the path to die.