Young monkey found dead in cage in Lentor

A juvenile Long-tailed Macaque found dead in a large cage in Lentor on May 17, 2018. Photo: ST Reader

By Audrey Tan
17th May 2018;

A young monkey was found dead near private houses in Lentor on Thursday morning (May 17), the latest in a string of cases involving human-wildlife conflict.

The Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) was found lying in a large makeshift cage by a resident of the area, who then contacted wildlife rescue group Animal Concerns Research and Education Society (Acres).

“We arrived at about 9.15am to find a young Long-tailed Macaque dead with ants on her face,” said Acres deputy chief executive Anbarasi Boopal.

The cause of death was not immediately clear.

But the incident has raised questions over the processes involved in dealing with animals considered a nuisance to humans.

One issue, for example, is how often contractors check traps for ensnared animals, so that an animal does not suffer too long in the cage.

Mr Louis Ng, Acres chief executive and MP for Nee Soon GRC said: “The monkey should not have died this way and the contractor who trapped the monkey should be investigated thoroughly and brought to task.”

The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) said it is investigating the case. “We have suspended the contractor while investigations are ongoing,” said the AVA spokesman.

She added that the agency would not hesitate to take strong enforcement action against the contractor if it finds any wrongdoing.

The area where the incident occured is located next to a construction site where a secondary forest used to exist. Works are underway to build private housing in the area.

To save the animals that once lived in the forest, the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) in 2016 embarked on a novel wildlife management plan. This involves gradually clearing the land so that animals are herded to nearby green areas, such as the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.

The AVA said it has received feedback from residents and the Neighbourhood Committee at Munshi Abdullah Walk area about a troop of monkeys in the neighbourhood.

Residents had expressed concerns over public safety, said the spokesman.

“AVA conducted surveillance and assessed that the monkeys pose a public safety threat. As such, AVA activated our contractor to conduct trapping operations in the area,” said the AVA.

Ms Boopal said removal should not be the first solution, if the surrounding areas remain suitable habitats for macaques. She urged residents to learn to coexist with wildlife.

“This could be done, for instance, by not feeding the animals or leaving food out, providing less of an incentive for macaques to be around”.

Source: The Straits Times


Indonesia: Four Sumatran Elephants died in Riau in 2016: WWF
3rd January 2017;

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has said that four Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) died in 2016 in Riau Province, a decline from the previous year.

“In 2015, there were 10 cases of dead Elephants, while in 2016, the number decreased to four,” Spokesperson of WWF of the Riau Program Syamsidar said here on Tuesday.

The four deaths are believed to have occurred due to conflict between humans and wild animals.

Last year, the Tesso Nilo National Park Authority found the carcass of a Sumatran Elephant in Pelalawan District.

They also found a Sumatran Elephant snared in an industrial forest concession. The animal did not survive despite treatment.

In September last year, an Elephant calf was found trapped in a ditch in an industrial forest concession with wounds all over its body.

“An Elephant also died after being electrocuted in Duri region, near a residential area,” Syamsidar said.

No suspects were either identified or arrested in these cases, Syamsidar said.

WWF, an international non-governmental organization in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of humanitys footprint on the environment, estimated there were around 100 Sumatran elephants living in the Sumatran habitat.

As the landscapes and the habitats make way for industry and residential areas, wildlife is facing greater challenges for survival.

Although conflict between humans and wildlife is inevitable, Syamsidar said that the local authority and several private enterprises, which have forest concessions in Riau, have been working together to prevent and mitigate the conflict.

Only three private enterprises, PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper (RAPP), Asian Agri and PT Musim Mas, have been involved in this effort by adopting the human-wildlife conflict mitigation system being implemented by the WWF and Natural Resource Conservation Agency (BKSDA) of Riau.

RAPP has established a so-called flying squad, consisting of at least four grown Elephants and two calves, whose task is to conduct patrols around the concession area to avert human-wildlife conflict as well as prevent Elephant herds trespassing into residential areas or villages.

Asian Agri has a similar program but they conduct patrolling without using Elephants, Syamsidar said.

“They perform the patrol manually, without any Elephants, but still adopt the measures used by the WWF, such as using a carbide cannon,” he said.

PT Musim Mas, however, is committed to provide financial support for the program, Syamsidar said.

Source: Antara

Photo: Ecoria

Indonesia: Dead Sun Bear found in Lampung, body parts likely stolen for black market trade
By Feriawan Hidayat & Ratri M. Siniwi, 28th December 2016;

A Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) was found dead at Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park’s Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation Center in Talangsimpang, Lampung.

The national park security patrol team found the Bear’s carcass near the park borders in Sugi Sane village earlier this month.

“We found the Bear’s chest cut open, indicating the perpetrator took its enzyme-rich gallbladder intending to sell it,” Ketut, the national park’s security patrol representative, said in a statement on Tuesday (27/12).

Ketut explained that the Bear was likely tortured before its death as it was initially trapped by a sling iron. The perpetrator then appeared to have pulled out all of its teeth and claws with force. This was to get the Bear’s adrenaline flowing, which in turn makes its bile sac enlarge.

“The Bear was tortured to extract its enzymes. We suspect that the enzymes would then be sold on the black market, where they are worth millions,” Ketut added.

The national park’s security patrol team found that the offender also took the Bear’s teeth and claws to be sold illegally.

Poaching is rampant in the national park. Our team often finds abandoned animal carcasses, the result of hunting in the area,“ the officer stated. The team previously found several Porcupine (F. Hystricidae) and Mousedeer (Tragulus spp.) carcasses, as well as Deer (F. Cervidae) legs, which were discarded after their meat was taken by hunters.

The Bear carcass discovery proves that hunting protected animals is becoming too common and increased action and attention from law enforcement is needed to prevent this.

Sun Bears are protected under Indonesian law and are listed as "vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Endangered Animals.

Source: Jakarta Globe

Rescue work: Volunteers medically treat two Sumatran Elephants whose legs were injured by a steel trap in Pancasila hamlet, Sei Lepan district, Langkat North Sumatra, on Monday. The Elephants freed themselves after four days of being snared by the mechanism.
Photo: Apriadi Gunawan

Indonesia: Young Elephants free themselves from trap
By Apriadi Gunawan, 22nd November 2016;

After being trapped in a steel snare for four days, two wild Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in the Mount Leuser National Park (TNGL) managed to free themselves from the trap, although their legs were severely injured and infected.

The mammals were trapped in a community-owned oil palm plantation in Sei Lepan district, Langkat regency, North Sumatra.

Garendel Siboro, head of technical affairs at the North Sumatra Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA), said both of the Elephants were females.

Garendel added that they were considered relatively young, with the smaller one believed to be approximately eight years of age and the larger one estimated at 10 years.

The acting team leader of the Elephant rescue operation said his office had received a report about two Elephants caught in a trap set by local residents, but only after the animals had already managed to free themselves from the legholds, with their injured legs still entangled in steel cables.

Garendel said the BKSDA then dispatched a team including volunteers from several NGOs to look for the Elephants. They were found in a critical state at the plantation in Sei Lepan on Friday.

The BKSDA enlisted the help of two veterinarians to remove the cables, which are as thick as a finger, from the Elephants’ legs.

Citing the report from villagers, Garendel said residents had been afraid to approach the animals, because their mother, approximately 20 years old, had been watching closely.

Garendel added that before being trapped, the two young Elephants had been with their mother in search of food on the plantation, in a herd with 11 more Elephants. Along the way, Garendel said, the two young Elephants were caught in traps deliberately built by farmers concerned about the large number of Elephants near their plantation.

The official explained that the wild Elephants had been forced out of their habitat in the TNGL area because their natural surroundings had been damaged by rampant illegal logging and the expansion of oil palm plantations.

“Many sections of the TNGL buffer zone area have been converted to oil palm plantation. As a result, Elephants have lost their habitat and are forced to seek food outside of their habitat,” said Garendel.

North Sumatra BKSDA Conservation Section head Herbert Aritonang said the condition of the two injured Elephants was improving after they received treatment from the vet team.

The Elephants are now entrusted to a privately owned plantation until they recover and are able to walk normally.

“If they have fully recovered and able to walk normally, then we will release and escort them to their herd to meet the other Elephants,” said Herbert.

Source: Jakarta Post

  • The injured Elephant calf plays with a veterinarian at Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tha Takiab district in Chachoengsao on Thursday.
  • The wounds of the baby Elephant to his front left leg.

Photo: Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Facebook

Thailand: Injured baby elephant saved from trap, needs a mother
By Apinya Wipatayotin & Saritdet Marukatat, 20th October 2016;

An injured baby Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) has been saved from hunters by Chanthaburi villagers and forestry officials are now looking for an adopted mother for him.

The three-month-old beast’s front left leg was hurt by a trap when Moo 12 village chief Wandee Dokdin and four other villagers found the animal in weak condition in a jungle in Khaeng Hang Maew district in Chanthaburi on Wednesday night.

They led the baby Elephant from the forest, put it on a pickup truck and took it to a wildlife office in Tha Takiab district in Chachoengsao in the early hours of Thursday. Veterinarians from Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary were sent to the office to treat its wounds.

Decha Nilvichian, chief of Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary, said the calf was saved and its health was improving after vets fed it baby milk after medical treatment.

“Judging from the wounds, his leg could have been trapped for about three days,” Mr Decha said. “His weight is about 100 kilogrammes.”

The calf will stay at the sanctuary for more treatment with vets taking care of him around the clock.

“What we are worrying about is that he needs to be fed naturally,” the official said.

Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary is contacting other Elephant centres across the country to find out whether they have a female Elephant ready to feed a baby.

“We have to find an Elephant to feed him,” Mr Decha added.

Source: Bangkok Post

Malaysia: Orang Asli kids kill Tiger
Malaysian Nature Society President Henry Goh said the incident took place last week in Pahang
13th October 2016;

Pictures of two Orang Asli children killing a Tiger have gone viral on social media.

Following that, a wildlife watchdog is appealing to Malaysians to come forward to identify the people behind the killing.

Malaysian Nature Society President Henry Goh said the incident took place last week in Pahang.

“The Tiger was killed with a snare, usually used by the Orang Asli. They will wait for the Tiger to walk into the sharp snare that kills the animal,” he told FMT.

Goh posted the pictures of the incident on his Facebook page today, urging people with knowledge on the incident to contact the Department of Wildlife and National Parks (Perhilitan) at 1 300 801 010 or call MNS at 019 3564194.

He said MNS was saddened by the incident as it came at a time when there were only about 250 to 300 Tigers left in Malaysia.

The figures were obtained through footprints in the thick rainforest in Belum Forest in Pahang and Endau Rompin Rainforest in Johor.

He said poachers continue to use Orang Asli to kill wildlife in Malaysia.

“The poachers will give a bit of money to Orang Asli to kill the animals.

"In return, they make thousands in US dollars by selling the skins and other organs on the underground international market.”

MNS, he said, is hoping to preserve Tigers, which are a national symbol.

“We should protect it,” he said.

Between 2010 and 2013, more than 2,241 poachers’ traps and 1,728 illegal camp sites were discovered by NGOs conducting research in Peninsular Malaysia’s forests.

The Protection of Wildlife Act 1972 imposes a maximum penalty of a five-year jail term and a RM15,000 fine on offenders.

Source: Free Malaysia Today

Poaching is a very real threat to the Tiger’s survival in Malaysia. These photos surfaced recently, and Perhilitan is investigating the incident. If you have any information, please come forward. Report anonymously to the Wildlife Crime Hotline 019 356 4194 or directly to Jabatan Perhilitan Semenanjung Malaysia through 1800 88 5151. And add your voice to the call for #NoMoreDeadTigers at

Source: Malaysian Conservation Alliance for Tigers (MYCAT) Facebook

A photo session a moment before cutting the Tiger into pieces. Parts of the Tiger body were distributed among the local community for cooking/meal.
Photo: Emvawari Candra Sirait/Mongabay

Indonesia: A Critically Endangered Sumatran Tiger snared, killed, and eaten, Indonesian NGO Group insists on full investigation
10th March 2016;

A group of Indonesian NGOs on Thursday (10th of March 2016) visited Sumatran Provincial Police in Medan to insist a full investigation of a case of Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) which was snared, killed, and eaten in North Tapanuli, North Sumatra province of Indonesia.

The NGO group comprises Scorpion Foundation, Sumatra Rainforest Institute (SRI), Indonesian Species Conservation Programme (ISCP), and Yayasan Orangutan Sumatra Lestari (YOSL)-OIC. Representatives from these NGO’s met with the Head of Special Crimes Unit at the North Sumatra Provincial Police, Superintendent Robin Simanjuntak.

“We from the environmental NGOs come here to insist full investigation of the Sumatran Tiger which was snared, killed, and eaten in North Tapanuli. Sumatran Tiger is a protected species in the Indonesian law and regulation, and listed as a critically endangered species by the World Conservation Union (IUCN),” Gunung Gea, Director of Scorpion Foundation, told Superintendent Robin Simanjuntak in the meeting. Gunung Gea was appointed by the NGO group members as the speaker of the group in the mission to the North Sumatra Provincial Police.

It is reported by the media that the Tiger was snared by illegal hunters in Silantom village, sub-district Pangaribuan, North Tapanuli Regency in Sumatra. The Tiger was then shot dead by a police officer (Kapolsek Pangaribuan) Mr. VS. The body of the Tiger was cut into pieces and distributed among the local community for cooking/meal.

Superintendent Robin Simanjuntak told the NGOs that he could not make any decision yet on that case before receiving a report from the head of District Police in North Tapanuli Regency. A decision will be taken by the provincial Special Crime Unit after receiving complete information from the head of district police in North Tapanuli.

Source: Scorpion Foundation

  1. An injured Sumatran elephant calf pictured after its leg became entangled at the Balairaja wildlife sanctuary in Bengkalis, in the Riau province of Indonesia’s Sumatra island, on February 18, 2016
  2. Veterinary workers treat a sick elephant calf after its leg became entangled at the Balairaja wildlife sanctuary in Bengkalis, in Riau province on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, on February 18, 2016

Photos: AFP / Fachrozi Amri

Indonesia: Sumatran Elephant found with leg almost severed by rope
19th February 2016;

A Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) calf lies stricken in the jungle in Indonesia as conservationists fight to remove a rope tightly wound around its leg that almost caused the critically endangered animal to lose a limb.

The youngster was spotted with another calf and their mother in a wildlife sanctuary in Bengkalis, Riau province, with their legs entangled in ropes that are believed to have come from traps set by locals, according to the Indonesian Mahout Association.

The calf lies on its side in the mud, as a rescuer holds an intravenous drip that is attached to the creature, during the operation to remove the tightly wound cord.

His leg was saved but the other two Elephants were not so lucky – the mother lost her tail and the other calf lost a leg, according to the association, which believes the Elephants were entangled for several months.

After being alerted by a group of trekkers who posted pictures on social media, local conservationists tracked down the Elephants and carefully removed the ropes from their legs and treated their wounds.

The operation took a week due to a lack of decent equipment and ended Friday, with all the ropes removed and the pachyderms left in the wild, according to mahout association chairman Nazaruddin, who like many Indonesians goes by one name. A mahout is an Elephant keeper.

It is not clear whether the Elephants were the intended targets of the rope traps or if villagers were trying to catch other animals for food, Nazaruddin said.

Protection group the International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies the Sumatran Elephant as critically endangered, and there are believed to be less than 3,000 remaining in the wild.

Source: AFP

Indonesia: Two Sumatran Tigers Rendered Crippled by Trap

27th January 2016;

Two wounded Sumatran Tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) were found in a production forest in Mukomuko regency, Bengkulu, Indonesia. The wounds were suspected to be caused by traps set up by hunters.

The Head of Criminal Unit, AKP Welman Feri, stated to the press that the Chief of Mukomuko Police Department, AKBP Andhika Vishnu, has directly observed the Tigers’ condition through camera trap recordings owned by PT Sifef Biodiversity Indonesia, and it was apparent that Toth tigers are crippled.

Welman added that both crippled Tigers most likely got injured from trying to escape hunter traps, which made them lose their legs. However, the police cannot yet confirm the fact because the recordings are the only evidence. The camera traps were set up by PT Sifef Biodiversity Indonesia who is running a restoration project in the nearby state forest.

In addition, the company workers also claimed to have found lots of traps, which they assume were set up to catch Tigers within production forests and concessions.

“We do not know the total number yet, but it was a lot,” said Welman.

The amount of Tiger traps in the forest proves that Tiger poaching is still taking place in Mukomuko.

The police have arrested two poachers and dealers, also confiscated Tiger skin and organs. Other suspects are still under investigation. Mukomuko Police Department will continue the monitoring to prevent any more poaching around the regency.

Source: ProFauna

Indonesia: Two Sumatran Tigers Rendered Crippled by Trap